Heading into RH earnings, we want to point out the impact of the implementation of Accounting Standard Change 842 – Lease Accounting (“ASC 842”). For most retailers this change has little to no impact on the income statement. However, RH has a portion of build-to-suit leases which ASC 842 eliminates and therefore has a direct impact on the income statement. While this change does not impact EPS, it is a reclassification of build-to-suit interest expense to the rent line in COGS. As such, we estimate ~100 bps reduction on both GM and OM, offset by a roughly $28 million reduction in interest expense. Per RH’s 10-K, “certain of our store leases are accounted for as build-to-suit lease transactions which result in our recording a portion of our rent payments under these agreements in interest expense on the consolidated statements of income.” Please see Exhibit 3 for detailed analysis on the ASC 842 impact. RH will report 4Q18 earnings after market close on 3/28/19; dial in (866) 394-6658.
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The January reading plummeted, falling two rankings from December’s reading of 3/10, suggesting investors started re-shorting stocks during the January rally after being sidelined at year end. In January 45.7% of retailers posted a short position >15% (up from 39.1% in December). Since we last published this report on 12/17/18, the XRT is up 1% vs. the S&P 500 +4%. We rank Sector Sentiment on a scale of “1” being the most negative sentiment to “10” being the most positive sentiment. The basis for the ranking is based on the number of retailers in the sector with >15% short positions.
Heightened supply risk for 2019. During 3Q18, retailers took a turn for the worse, as inventory increased modestly at a faster rate than sales. With no ability to raise prices to drive comp, retailers must rely on increased unit volume to drive sales growth. Note that this is a snapshot entering 4Q18. Most results, save for a few exceptions (e.g., TGT – PP, COST – PP, covered by Scott Mushkin, and LULU-OP), have missed holiday sales. We expect inventory exiting 4Q18 to show even higher inventory-related business risk.
The December reading rose for the second consecutive month, suggesting with valuations pulling in short sellers may be derisking. The November reading was 2 out of 10. In December 39.1% of retailers posted a short position >15% (was 42.2% in November). Since we last published this report on 12/17/18, the XRT is up 6% vs. the S&P 500 +2%. We rank Sector Sentiment on a scale of “1” being the most negative sentiment to “10” being the most positive sentiment. The basis for the ranking is based on the number of retailers in the sector with >15% short positions.
We believe 2018 may have been “peak season” for retailers. We continue to believe in the Retail Death Curve phenomenon. The 2018 lift in mall traffic was against easy compares and pent-up demand. Despite clean inventory in 2018, there was no evidence of broad-based pricing power. Retailers were as, if not more, promotional than prior year and “bought the comp.” Tax reform savings were reinvested in store-related wages and deferred capital spending – both contributing to a higher fixed cost infrastructure than before tax reform – adding to greater deleverage risk.
Sector Sentiment 2, on a Scale of 1 (worst) to 10 (best): The November reading rose from the October reading of 1 out of 10 with 42.2% of retailers posting a short position >15% (was 44.4% in October). Since we last published this report on 11/14/18, the XRT is down 11% and therefore investors may have taken some money off the table. We rank Sector Sentiment on a scale of “1” being the most negative sentiment to “10” being the most positive sentiment. The basis for the ranking is based on the number of retailers in the sector with >15% short positions.
With the transformation of RH completed over the past couple of years, RH is now positioned to capitalize on its luxury positioning. Th company has reduced its brand-dilutive Outlet presence, purged legacy inventory increasing cash flow growth, and shifted to an “on-demand” inventory model reducing operating risk. With nearly 96% of transactions shipped directly from the fulfillment centers, regardless of whether the order originates online or in-store, we view RH’s business model as a pureplay Direct Commerce model. In addition, The Galleries should be viewed as high-profile marketing, rather than potential sources of deleverage as they 1) provide brand experience marketing and 2) generate direct-commerce sales without the risk inventory burden. With superior brand equity, differentiated product, and a model that averts the brick-and-mortar deleverage phenomenon, we reiterate our Outperform.
3Q18 Consumer Sentiment Poll scores 5. 1 out of 10 (vs 6.2 in 2Q18). Each quarter, we send out a brief survey to gauge investor sentiment prior to earnings, where 1 is “Terrible” and 10 is “Excellent.” Thanks for replying, if you did! Survey results are completely anonymous, and the greater the response rate, the more conclusive the results, so please consider participating next time.
The October reading exceeded the September reading of 2 out of 10 with 44.4% of retailers posting a short position >15% (was 43.5% in September). This is the third straight month of percentage increases. The last time the sector sentiment was a 1 was in July 2018 when 45.7% of retailers posted a short position of >15%. We rank Sector Sentiment on a scale of “1” being the most negative sentiment to “10” being the most positive sentiment. The basis for the ranking is based on the number of retailers in the sector with >15% short positions.
As we enter the most critical period for retailers, we thought it an opportune time to provide thoughts on structural trends in U.S. retailing. With 2H18 by all measures expected to be solid, we look ahead to the set up for 2019. This note addresses why we believe 2018 may be as good as it gets and highlights the parameters for long-term winners, as well as how to navigate the choppy trading backdrop. We discuss 1) the current backdrop, 2) the investor base driving stock performance in 2018, 3) why we believe long-horizon money is unlikely to invest at current levels, 4) the looming pressure of wage inflation and potentially tariffs, and 5) why the oversupply problem will continue to weigh on 2019 and 2020 margins.
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