Last week we lowered our Lodging sector rating to Market Weight and downgraded HST to Underperform. Our view is we seem late in the lodging cycle and we think U.S. RevPAR faces risks. See our notes with our complete thesis here and here. To be clear we aren’t making a negative call on all lodging. We’re still bullish on timeshare (VAC and HGV), which is our favorite sub-group, and RevPAR isn’t a KPI for timeshare. We also think the hotel C-Corps can still work in a tepid U.S. RevPAR environment because the asset-light business models are powerful, and efforts by China/Europe to re-stimulate could start to favor names with international exposure like the C-Corps, but admittedly we now see less exciting upside to the C-Corps as reflected by our target prices. Given the move in lodging stocks as well as slowing U.S. RevPAR the risk/reward of the space seems less compelling. Owned real estate in the U.S. seems most exposed to our view, which is the reason for our downgrade of HST to Underperform. Investor feedback on our call has generally been receptive, and it feels like sentiment is definitely biased negative. From our conversations we even sense some bearishness towards the high-quality C-Corps.
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Today (3/11/2019) we lower our sector weighting on Lodging from Market Overweight to Market Weight, and we also downgrade HST from Peer Perform to Underperform. The reasoning for the change is largely based on the idea that we are later in the cycle with soft U.S. RevPAR growth, which we do not expect to improve in the near-term.
Timeshare stocks have rallied hard since the Christmas Eve bottom, with VAC up 61%, HGV up 33%, and WYND up 39% versus the S&P 500 up 19%. However, the stocks still remain well off their 2018 highs. For example, VAC remains 35% below its prior high and HGV remains 31% below its prior high, and it’s been entirely a function of multiple contraction. Interestingly, the S&P 500 is now only 5% below its prior high and credit spreads have narrowed considerably.
CHH reported 4Q earnings this morning (2/15/2019). The quarter was fine and unsurprising for the most part, but the guidance on 2019 was disappointing apparently driven by incremental terminations to clean up the Comfort portfolio. The stock closed down 2% on the news.
We aggregated pricing trends across multiple vacation options/destinations including cruise lines, Las Vegas casinos, hotels in multiple global markets, airline fares, Disney resorts, ski resorts, and rental cars. The purpose of our analysis was to compare pricing trends for cruises and Las Vegas casinos to alternative vacation options to understand if recent years of pricing strength may begin to make substitute vacation options more attractive, which some investors have expressed to us.
Earnings season has really just begun for our coverage, with only three companies reporting thus far (LVS, WYNN, and RCL). We have 10 observations to highlight with 10 charts, including takeaways from our earnings, read-throughs from other industries, and other non-earnings developments within our coverage.
We have three charts to highlight this week from some of our observations: 1) MAR’s EV/EBITDA premium to HLT has now been wiped out for the first time since the HLT spinoffs, 2) crude oil is down 38% from the highs and yet cruise stocks have also declined 26% over the same time, and surprisingly even underperformed other consumer discretionary names, 3) European PMIs have been soft and there are now incremental concerns about Europe following poor commentary from a few companies this week, so we show European sourcing for each company we cover.
Throughout 2018 cruise, gaming, and lodging stocks have been tightly correlated with the Chinese equity market, despite the fact that many of these companies have little to no direct exposure to China. So far YTD the y/y change in the S&P 500 has had a +0.61 correlation to the y/y change in the China CSI 300 index. This compares to the average of cruise stocks at +0.85, the average of timeshare stocks at +0.92, the average of hotel C-Corp stocks at +0.85, the average of Vegas gaming stocks at +0.90, and the average of Macau gaming stocks at +0.95.
Gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks have performed poorly in 2018, with the average stock down 21% YTD. A few of these stocks we cover are down over 40% YTD, and down even more if we use the highs from earlier in the year. The weakness this year has been most pronounced in gaming and in timeshare, two sectors generally with more debt (even though much of timeshare debt is non-recourse). In many cases the overall fundamental trends have been strong (i.e. cruise lines and timeshare), and it seems to us that the market is pricing in a meaningful change to the macro environment for many of these stocks. We compared these YTD returns to all U.S. listed consumer discretionary stocks with a market cap above $500M entering the year, and we found that on average gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks are in the 34th percentile for YTD performance among consumer discretionary. The weakness has also been driven by multiple contraction, with the average stock in gaming, lodging, and cruise lines experiencing 19% forward EV/EBITDA multiple contraction YTD. When compared to the same consumer discretionary group we find that gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks on average are in the 33rd percentile for YTD forward EV/EBITDA multiple change.
On Thursday morning (11/08/18) CHH reported EPS ex-items of $1.24, above the prior guide of $1.13-$1.17, and above consensus of $1.16 and our $1.17 estimate. Adjusted EBITDA was $104M, above consensus of $100M and our $101M estimate. CHH missed materially on RevPAR, which declined 1.4% y/y compared to guidance of flat to +1.5% due to one-off factors like weather and the calendar, but CHH more than offset the RevPAR softness on other areas like the royalty rate. RevPAR is an important metric to gauge overall demand trends, but it’s less important as a driver of earnings with a pure franchise business model. 4Q guidance seemed OK, and the net result is higher 2018 guidance.
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