For our weekly charts this week we provide an update on IMO 2020 given on-going fluctuating fuel prices as well as some recent and potentially overlooked news on scrubber policy, which could become problematic for CCL. We’ll discuss and later in Exhibit 1 and Exhibit 2 we’ll quantify the potential impact to fuel expense. Please click the link above for the full report.
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Timeshare stocks have rallied hard since the Christmas Eve bottom, with VAC up 61%, HGV up 33%, and WYND up 39% versus the S&P 500 up 19%. However, the stocks still remain well off their 2018 highs. For example, VAC remains 35% below its prior high and HGV remains 31% below its prior high, and it’s been entirely a function of multiple contraction. Interestingly, the S&P 500 is now only 5% below its prior high and credit spreads have narrowed considerably.
We aggregated pricing trends across multiple vacation options/destinations including cruise lines, Las Vegas casinos, hotels in multiple global markets, airline fares, Disney resorts, ski resorts, and rental cars. The purpose of our analysis was to compare pricing trends for cruises and Las Vegas casinos to alternative vacation options to understand if recent years of pricing strength may begin to make substitute vacation options more attractive, which some investors have expressed to us.
Earnings season has really just begun for our coverage, with only three companies reporting thus far (LVS, WYNN, and RCL). We have 10 observations to highlight with 10 charts, including takeaways from our earnings, read-throughs from other industries, and other non-earnings developments within our coverage.
This is a 35 page note we write each quarter where we update our thesis with new charts and preview each company into earnings. In this note we’re examining estimates and multiples during prior recessions as guides for possible downside scenarios. For our coverage we see binary outcomes: either a brewing recession or meaningful outperformance. The risk/reward setup to us seems more favorable for the latter, as our stocks seem to have already discounted a recession with over 50% likelihood, in our view, which we’ll show in the note.
We have three charts to highlight this week from some of our observations: 1) MAR’s EV/EBITDA premium to HLT has now been wiped out for the first time since the HLT spinoffs, 2) crude oil is down 38% from the highs and yet cruise stocks have also declined 26% over the same time, and surprisingly even underperformed other consumer discretionary names, 3) European PMIs have been soft and there are now incremental concerns about Europe following poor commentary from a few companies this week, so we show European sourcing for each company we cover.
Throughout 2018 cruise, gaming, and lodging stocks have been tightly correlated with the Chinese equity market, despite the fact that many of these companies have little to no direct exposure to China. So far YTD the y/y change in the S&P 500 has had a +0.61 correlation to the y/y change in the China CSI 300 index. This compares to the average of cruise stocks at +0.85, the average of timeshare stocks at +0.92, the average of hotel C-Corp stocks at +0.85, the average of Vegas gaming stocks at +0.90, and the average of Macau gaming stocks at +0.95.
Gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks have performed poorly in 2018, with the average stock down 21% YTD. A few of these stocks we cover are down over 40% YTD, and down even more if we use the highs from earlier in the year. The weakness this year has been most pronounced in gaming and in timeshare, two sectors generally with more debt (even though much of timeshare debt is non-recourse). In many cases the overall fundamental trends have been strong (i.e. cruise lines and timeshare), and it seems to us that the market is pricing in a meaningful change to the macro environment for many of these stocks. We compared these YTD returns to all U.S. listed consumer discretionary stocks with a market cap above $500M entering the year, and we found that on average gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks are in the 34th percentile for YTD performance among consumer discretionary. The weakness has also been driven by multiple contraction, with the average stock in gaming, lodging, and cruise lines experiencing 19% forward EV/EBITDA multiple contraction YTD. When compared to the same consumer discretionary group we find that gaming, lodging, and cruise stocks on average are in the 33rd percentile for YTD forward EV/EBITDA multiple change.
Last week about half of our coverage reported earnings, and it was another eventful week, which included timeshare stocks up nearly 20% in a day and more news flow on CZR, among other factors. We have four topical charts from our observations to highlight.
This week we had RCL, HLT, and LVS report 3Q earnings. We have one key takeaway with one key chart for each to highlight below.